Collaborations in Human Pathology

Africa Society For Blood Transfusion Kenya

Regional Society for Blood Transfusion Kenya (RSBTK) is a registered indigenous professional non-profit making Organization. It is affiliated to the Africa Society for Blood Transfusion” (AfSBT), and through it to the International Society for Blood Transfusion (ISBT). The Society was registered in Kenya on 30th October 2007 under the Societies Rules and Regulations of 1968, with the mission to promote the highest ethical and professional standards in blood transfusion, in order to achieve safe and cost effective national blood supply. The Society has its offices in Nairobi, Kenya.

The Organization is governed by a duly established Constitution and has membership consisting of individual, corporate and honorary members. The Organization’s business is managed by a Board of Management assisted by a team of health professionals, comprising of medical officers, consultants, technologists and nurses. The Society’s policies and guidelines are developed through its three Working Committees and implemented by the secretariat. The committees include: Policy and Logistics, Technical and Research and Training.

Currently, RSBT Kenya members include blood transfusion experts in the country drawn from major public hospitals, University of Nairobi, Kenya Medical Training College, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Aga Khan Teaching Hospital, and National Blood Transfusion Services. RSBT Kenya membership is open to all individuals and organizations interested in blood transfusion, including blood donors, nurses, clinicians and all those involved in “Vein to vein” process of blood transfusion medicine.









Aids Cancer Specimen Resource Kenya (acsr K)(p184/6/2009)

About ACSR :

Aids Cancer Specimen Resource Kenya (ACSR K) dates from August 2009. The project is housed at the department of Human Pathology, College of Health Sciences, and University of Nairobi. The project is funded by NIH as an affiliate sub-site to the Midregion ACSR (MR ACSR) of Ohio State University. The project PI is Dr. Emily A Rogena assisted by Dr. Joseph R. Ndungu. In the team are two technologists, John Kairu and Willis Ochuk. The library and health records are managed by Veronica Kimilu. Our IT specialist is Edwin Adol.

The ACSR-K has effectively been operational for the last three years. The first year was spent in developing the proposal memorandum of understanding (MOU) and all the necessary collaborative agreements such as materials transfer agreement (MTA). Data collection and implementation of the objectives was started in 2009 to date.

This sub site was set up with the main objective of being a resource to cancer related NCI/NIH IRB approved programs in the area of human Bio-specimens to improve pathology diagnosis, bio-sample acquisition and processing, testing and archival storage of preserved tissues. This objective will be achieved by:


Establishing and maintaining a Cancer Tissue Bio-repository within the University of Nairobi (UoN), Department of Pathology that is compliant with the guiding principles of that institution and as defined by the US NCI Best Practices for Bio-specimen Resources and approved and monitored by the UoN and approved by the UoN IRB.

Coordinating with Department of Pathology surgical and forensic tissue archives to build capacity to identify and preserve cancer tissue resources as well as HIV/AIDS related cancer tissue resources.

Working in consortium with NCI/NIH funded, approved, clinical trials, epidemiology studies and clinical/diagnostic tissue procurement opportunities at Kenyatta National Hospital and referring hospitals to acquire and maintain high quality preserved tissues/smear samples.

Improving the preservation quality of malignant tissue, related bio specimens such as cell smears and associated minimal clinical data to support disease diagnosis for best patient care, to support cancer specific clinical treatment trials and to support a broad range of approved, funded translational cancer research.

Working with other Kenyan clinical trial projects and medical care facilities to collectively serve diverse scientific disciplines and preserve bio specimens representative of the HIV/cancer epidemic, geography, risk groups, gender, age and minority or ethnicity within Kenya.

Leveraging the resources of MR ACSR to support all pathology processes that serve Kenya’s national cancer initiative, patient diagnosis and treatment objectives including innovative methodologies for tissue processing to increase DNA, RNA and protein recovery and to limit infection risks to histopathology personnel.

Deploying tissue microarrays (TMA) and use innovative computer based, Internet deployed, image management systems to specifically improve pathology tissue processing, histotechnology and histopathology diagnostic efficiency in support of the physicians and patients of Kenya.


To date the project has achieved up to 60% of the objectives. There is an archive that has identified Aids related cancers for the period 2000 to date.These have all been sorted and typed.

The project has been able to establish a state of the art histopathology unit and immunohistochemistry bench. In addition we have been able to host several local and regional training in lymphoma diagnosis and immunohistochemical technics.

Currently the Kenyatta National hospital patients have access to affordable immunohistochemical studies and until recently these tests were out of reach for most Kenyan patients.

The resources at the site are available to scientists for use in molecular diagnosis of neoplasms. We envisage that in the next two to three years the site shall be providing a platform for innovative research and training in pathology in East Africa and sub Saharan Africa. The Mmed postgraduate students are currently benefiting from ACSR grant from NIH support, in cancer research and publication.





Prof. Ayer L and prof. kikeri N training pathologists

on lymphoma diagnosis at the site - June 2011













Dr.Rogena E ,Dr.Ndun'gu J and John Kairu

preparing a TMA block at the site Lab


Prof.Isaac Kibwage I,Principal CHS receiving a new Tissue processor for the site Lab from Prof.Ayers L


Link: View Details

Bloodlink Foundation


Who We Are

Bloodlink Foundation (BLF) is a non-profit charitable trust established in 2004 and duly registered under the laws of Kenya.

BloodLink seeks to assist Kenyan people achieve better health and quality life through partnerships with communities, corporate and public sectors.

Bloodlink is a partner with the National Blood Transfusion Service (NBTS) in recruitment and mobilization of blood donors to ensure sufficient safe blood for needy Kenyans.

Mission, Vision & Goal

To improve the quality of health and life of Kenyans.

To lead in information, education and mobilization of organizations towards realization of social responsibility.

The main Goal of this project is to develop a pool of low risk donors among employees of corporate organization.








Walter O. Mwanda, MB, ChB, MD Scot C. Remick, MD
Department of Pathology Department of Medicine
University of Nairobi Coll. of Health Sci. Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center
Kenyatta National Hospital West Virginia University
Nairobi, Kenya Morgantown, WV, USA
Study Chair and Site PI Study Co-Chair

CO-INVESTIGATORS: Leona W. Ayers, MD Rosemary Rochford, PhD
Department of Pathology Department of Microbiology and Immunology
The Ohio State University Upstate Medical University
Columbus, OH, USA Syracuse, NY, USA
Peter W. Mwamba, MB, ChB, MMed Path Emily Rogena, MB, ChB, MMed Path
Department of Pathology Department of Pathology
Univ. of Nairobi Coll. Health Sci. Univ. of Nairobi Coll. Health Sci.
Kenyatta National Hospital Kenyatta National Hospital
Nairobi, Kenya Nairobi, Kenya

SPONSORS: Clinical Trials Research Unit, Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center
The Ohio State University AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource (OSU-ACSR, CA066531)
The Sub-Saharan Africa Lymphoma Consortium (SSALC, CA066531-14S)
Developing Research Capacity for AIDS Malignancies in Kenya (CA153707)
CLINICAL FACILITY: Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya
APPROVALS: MBRCC Protocol Review and Monitoring Committee Approval: 5/17/11
WVU IRB Approval: Approval in Principle 06/08/11; Approval in Principle renewed
Kenyatta National Hospital/Univ. of Nairobi Ethical Committee Approval: 01/30/12;


Link: WVU 1411

Kenya Haemophilia Association

Link: Kenya Haemophilia Association

Lancet Kenya

Lancet Group of Laboratories are a traditional pathology practice owned and run by pathologists originally from South Africa now spread in over 12 African countries. The Lancet Group of Laboratories is incorporated in East Africa as follows:
- Pathologists Lancet Kenya Limited
- Lancet Laboratories Uganda Limited
- Lancet Laboratories Tanzania Limited

Link: Lancet kenya

Namibia Institute Of Pathology

Link: Namibia Institute of Pathology

Namibia Institute Of Pathology

Link: Namibia Institute of Pathology

Nbts Kenya


The Kenya National Blood Transfusion Services (NBTS) was established in Kenya by the Ministry of Health, and entrusted with the responsibility of managing the Blood collection and transfusion in Kenya. NBTS is situated in Nairobi, with six Regional Blood Transfusion Centres and nine Satellite Centres around the country. It isresponsible for achieving the objectives of the national policy on blood transfusion.

teens.jpgNBTS houses the secretariat of the National Blood Transfusion Service, in addition to performing blood transfusion functions. It is charged with the responsibility of accomplishing the objectives of the national policy on blood transfusion.

NBTS works in collaboration with all relevant stakeholders including The Kenya Government, Donors, Non-Governmental organizations, and the private sector on issues pertaining to blood transfusion and blood supply.


KNBTS has 6 regional blood transfusion centers strategically located throughout the country to effectively meet the regional blood needs.
003.png Kisumu RBTC
003.png Nairobi RBTC
003.png Embu RBTC
003.png Eldoret RBTC
003.png Mombasa RBTC
003.png Nakuru RBTC


KNBTS has nine satellite centres spread accross the regions to ensure blood is provided to tranfusing hosptials. Many satellites also are able to collect blood.
003.png Machakos Satellite
003.png Voi Satellite
003.png Garissa Satellite
003.png Meru Satellite
003.png Kericho Satellite
003.png Kakamega Satellite
003.png Kisii Satellite
003.png Naivasha Satellite
003.png Nyeri Satellite



Novo Nordisk Haemophilia Foundation

Link: Novo Nordisk Haemophilia Foundation


Technomed are suppliers of medical analytical instruments and diagnostic kits.

Established in 1994 as the exclusive distributor for Coulter Haematology Analysers we have since expanded our product lines to cover many other disciplines in medical laboratory diagnostics.

In doing so we have been careful to represent only manufacturers of the highest international standards and integrity. Combined with our dedication to service this ensures that our customers can be confident of receiving total support for any product that they purchase, whether it is the simplest of diagnostic kits or a sophisticated analytical instrument.

Visit our suppliers page for links to the web sites of our major suppliers. There you will find details of the wide range of products that we offer.


The East African Division Of The International Academy Of Pathology (eadiap).

The East African Division of the International Academy of Pathology (EADIAP) was inaugurated on 23rd October 2008 at a ceremonial launch during the 9th Biennial Congress of the Association of Pathologists of East, Central and Southern Africa (APECSA) held in Mombasa, Kenya. The inauguration in Mombasa followed ratification of the EADIAP by the IAP Executive Council at the 27th Biennial International Congress of the IAP in October 2008 in Athens, Greece. The IAP was founded in 1906 by Maude Abbot as the Association of Medical Museums (IAMM) whose name was later changed to International Academy of Pathology (IAP) see and for more details. The EADIAP thus joins the IAP as the 4th Division in Africa, the others being the South African Division, the Francophone West African Division and the Anglophone West African Division

Formation of the EADIAP was initiated at the IAP Centennial Celebration during the 26th Biennial International Congress of the IAP in October 2006 in Montreal, Canada. The initiative was lead by a Founding Interim Committee comprising pathologists from East Africa who attended the 2006 Congress in Montreal, together with like-minded pathologists back in East Africa who become Founder Members of the EADIAP. The Founding Interim Committee members were Dr Michael Odida (President), Dr Ahmed Kalebi (Secretary), Dr Moses Njue (Treasurer), Prof Ephata Kaaya (Councilor Tanzania), Dr Lucy Muchiri (Councilor Kenya) and Prof Henry Wabinga (Councilor Uganda).

Notable support in the establishment of the EADIAP was received from various individuals and societies across the world, including the IAP Executive Council (specific thanks to Prof Konrad Muller, Prof Francis Jaubert, Prof David Hardwick, Prof Fred Silva, Prof Martin Hale, Prof Jean-Marie Dangou), the Anglophone West African Division (specific thanks Dr Yawale Iliyasu), the South African Division (specific thanks Prof Martin Hale, Prof Colin Wright and Dr Kathy Taylor), the British Division (specific thanks to Prof Sebastian Lucas, Prof Neil Shepherd, Dr Alec Howat and Dr Ray McMahon), and the Friends of Africa/USCAP Initiative (specific thanks to Prof Adekunle Adesina, Prof Fred Silva and Dr Ann Nelson).

The launch of the EADIAP was marked by the inaugural AGM (read draft minutes of the AGM) link to doc attached during which the list of Founder Members was confirmed (view list of Founder Members) link to doc attached , the Constitution was formally adopted (read the Constitution) link to doc attached and the first Council was formally elected (see Members of the Council) link to section on Members of the Council below.  Through links with the new EADIAP, a number of high profile international speakers participated in the APECSA Congress where they delivered high-quality educational talks and slide seminars including symposia in Gastrointestinal Pathology by Prof Robert Riddell, Prof Hala El-Zimaity, Prof Richard Kirsch and Prof Neil Shepherd; Placental and Gynaecological Pathology by Prof Drucilla Roberts, Prof Mary Tambouret, Prof Francis Jaubert and Dr Shabin Nanji; and a lecture on CNS Haematolymphoid neoplasms by Prof Adekunle Adesina.Symposium. A workshop on Pathology in Africa was conducted by Dr Ann Nelson as a follow-up to a W.H.O. sponsored Consensus Meeting that was held earlier in Dar-es-Salaam Tanzania in May 2008.

Membership of the EADIAP is primarily drawn from the countries within the geopolitical boundaries of the East African Community (see Constitution) link to doc attached. Membership is also open to pathologists from neighbouring countries (Ethiopia and Seychelles) and other African countries that have not as yet formed their own IAP Division (Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Zambia).  Members of EADIAP are automatically members of the IAP. Membership to the EADIAP is also welcomed for all pathologists from across the world.

The mission of EADIAP in line with the objectives of the IAP International is to advance the frontiers of Pathology in the East African region, the entire African Continent and beyond.

Aim and objectives of EADIAP

The aim of the society shall be to::

  • Foster education, research and to advance knowledge in pathology.
  • Convocate meetings, congresses lectures, seminars, symposia, demonstrations; and to provide a forum for the discussion and dissemination of information relevant to pathology and related matters.
  • Support the provision of facilities for education and research into the various branches of learning in pathology.
  • Assist tertiary institutions to develop appropriate courses to advance education in pathology.
  • Seek to provide financial assistance through scholarships and travelling grants for persons engaged in education or research to advance the knowledge of pathology.
  • Disseminate printed and any other means of communication to further the purpose of the Division.
  • To disseminate printed and any other means of communication to further the purpose of the Division.


Link: International Academy of Pathology, East African Division

University Of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg


Link: School of Pathology